Bangladesh- a land surrounded by rivers
Bangladesh has more than 230 rivers. These rivers have flowed over this country. The agriculture, energy sector, waterway communication, economy, trade etc are greatly dependent on the rivers.
The Padma, The Meghan, the Jamuna and the karnafuli are the main rivers. Besides these, there are many small rivers in the country. The Buri ganga, the shitalaksha, the gomuti, the main rivers. Besides these, there are many small rivers in our country. The Buri ganga, the shitalaksha, the gomuti, the tista, the aria, the korotoua, the mahaNanda etc are the small rivers. Rivers plays an important role in our agriculture. The rivers supply water and make the land fertile by depositing silt. Silt helps to grow plenty of crops.
Rivers are the most important geographical features in Bangladesh, and it is the rivers that created the vast alluvial delta. It's been known that the out flow of water from Bangladesh is the third highest in the world, after the Amazon and the Congo systems. The Padma, Jamuna and the lower Meghna are the widest rivers, with the latter expanding to around eight kilometers across in the wet season, and even more during the floods.
Some rivers are known by different names in various portions of their course. The Ganges (Ganga), for example, is known as the Padma below the point where it is joined by the Jamuna River, the name given to the lowermost portion of the main channel of the Brahmaputra. The combined stream is then called the Meghna below its confluence with a much smaller tributary of the same name. In the dry season the numerous deltaic dis-tributaries that lace the terrain may be several kilometers wide as they near the Bay of Bengal, whereas at the height of the summer monsoon season they coalesce into an extremely broad expanse of silt-laden water. In much of the delta, therefore, homes must be constructed on earthen platforms or embankments high enough to remain above the level of all but the highest floods. In non-monsoon months the exposed ground is pocked with water-filled borrow pits, or tanks, from which the mud for the embankments was excavated. Throughout the country there are bils, haors and lakes that meet the need of drinking, bathing and irrigating water.
About two thirds of the cultivable land at Bangladesh are prone to flood damage every years. Thus flood control and drainage improvement are crucial for the national economy in order to reduce or prevent damage to crops and infrastructure. Since agriculture and water resources arc linked, increasing food grain production requires water management through flood control, drainage and irrigation.
The dual problem of shortage of water during the dry season and its abundance in rainy season are critical in the development and management of water resources in Bangladesh. Being the lower riparian of the three major rivers of the world-the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Meghna-Bangladesh could not undertake meaningful water development in the past in order to properly harness their flows for the benefit of the people.
The historic Ganges Water sharing Treaty signed with India on 12 December, 1996, has opened up newer avenues for offsetting the negative impact of Farakka Barrage and tapping the potentials of water resources in the country. Opportunities have also opened up for regional. sub-regional and basin-wide development and management of water for mutual benefit. It is in this backdrop that the Ganges Barrage has been taken up by the present government for implementation.
Meaningful life - Written by Zahin Islam-Grade 8 student
What Is Happiness?
So what is happiness, one might ask? Such a broad question with many open ends that can lead to anything. Happiness could be pleasure from a variety of factors, some being hedonistic, altruistic or even sadistic. But to get onto a deeper meaning of happiness, there are some believers/philosophers that bring their point of view on this topic. An ultarians view on this topic would be that one's actions are based on morals. If the greatest happiness is for the greatest amount of people then the requirements are met. Also, the pleasure should be at most with the lowest amount of pain to achieve the greatest amount of happiness. An american philosopher by the name of James Rachels, stated that happiness is sought after a response to what we have achieved or acquired. It can not be reduced to pursuing the greatest amount of good for people. Finally, from a buddhist's view, happiness is the desire to be free from the trapping we perceive as leading to happiness. “All that we are is the result of what we have thought. It is founded on our thoughts. It is made up of our thoughts. If one speaks or acts with an evil thought, pain follows one, as the wheel follows the foot of the ox that draws the wagon. All that we are is the result of what we have thought. It is founded on our thoughts. It is made up of our thoughts. If one speaks or acts with a pure thought, happiness follows one, like a shadow that never leaves.” (Dhammapada 1-2 / Müller & Maguire, 2002.)
In my view, happiness comes from family. Without family there is no happiness. And if one wants happiness but has no family, then finding it will be difficult. We are born with a family, live with a family, and grow up being the person we are because of them, and if we lose that, we basically lose the true part of ourself. Imagine not having a father or mother; yes orphans and children who lose their parents become happy after some time, but deep down they are sad and lonely. I cant imagine how I would live without my mom, dad, or brother.Does God Exist?
Such a basic question to ask when asking someone if god exists. A believer would say yes, and an atheist would say no. But to get a deeper understanding of this topic, there are some well known philosophers that have their say on this question. Karl Marx says that people only turn to religion as a way to get comfort. One would feel comfortable knowing there is a greater being protecting them and running the universe around them. Without that presence, chaos could ensue as society would not know who their “true” leader is and have nothing to follow. But at the end of the day it is only for comfort as Marx says. We don't look at god to respect what he has done, but more so the comfort that his name “Allah, Buddha, Krishna, Jesus” is what keeps us humane. Friedrich Nietzsche believed that all people have a hard mentality, drawing them to god, which is somewhat similar to Marx. Finally, David Hume says that all miracles of god are made up. He is straight up with his opinion and is a strong believer of atheism. Though there are many philosophers that are atheist, there as some like Pascal's Wager who stated that “God either exists or he does not. If we believe in God and he exists, we will be rewarded with eternal bliss in heaven. If we believe in God and he does not exist then at worst all we have forgone is a few sinful pleasures.If we do not believe in God and he does exist we may enjoy a few sinful pleasures, but we may face eternal damnation. If we do not believe in God and he does not exist then our sins will not be punished.”
In my opinion, god does exist, and I don't speak of this only because I am Muslim and more so because I truly believe that their is a higher power that makes the world go round. How do plants go through photosynthesis? How is our body and internal body so evenly and intelligently made up? How does the wind blow? How does the rain fall? Some may say science, but there is an artist. A power. A creator of all these things that controls every single factor we see in our lives. Your eyes are moving while you are reading this aren’t they?Life Continuum
What does it mean to have a meaningful life? If you do not have something does that mean your life is not meaningful? If you aren't happy does it mean your life is not meaningful? There are many purposes to one’s life with theories to back them up. To start off, their is a comic purpose. It states that the universe is one organism and tired to religious views. People perform functions that god has intended to bring purpose to their life, so a comic purpose is for believers like me. A biological purpose is producing and caring for offspring that brings purpose to one’s life. Now this purpose would throw couples unable to have kids or single individuals under the bus, but does that mean their life has no meaning? Traditional Roles act in accord with roles inherited from the tradition someone is born in to bring purpose to their life. Whether that be some traditional dance, the way they treat peoples, the way or what they eat, the way their life style is set up should be fallen under the traditional roles. Communitarianism brings purpose to one's life as seeing oneself as not a pure individual and relate to the traditions of families, communities and nations.
Overall I think a meaningful life is only meaningful is your perceive it to be.Whether you are content with living in a cardboard box with no religious beliefs and no family, living in a mansion with no morals, being atheist or a believer; it does not matter as long as at the end of the day you believe that their is purpose in your life.